Chronic Diarrhoea as a Presentation of HIV Infection: A Case Report

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Joana Gonçalves Luís - Corresponding Author

Joana Gonçalves Luís [joanagluis8@gmail.com]
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1487-4131

Rosa Maria Araújo
Bárbara Martins
Ângela Mendes
Filipa Cardoso Ramos

Abstract

Chronic diarrhoea is predominantly defined by decreased consistency of faeces lasting more than four weeks. The differential diagnosis is vast, including various pathologies such as celiac disease, thyroid dysfunction, inflammatory or neoplastic bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, chronic infections and immunosuppression. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is commonly associated with diarrhoea, both in its acute presentation and in the course of the disease and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of this clinical entity. We report the case of a 59-year-old male whose HIV diagnosis occurred following etiological investigation of chronic diarrhoea in primary health care. The family doctor should have a high degree of suspicion in these cases regardless of the apparent absence of behavioural risk factors for HIV infection.

Keywords: Diarrhea/diagnosis; Diarrhea/etiology; HIV Infections/diagnosis

Article Details

1.
Gonçalves Luís J, Maria Araújo R, Martins B, Mendes Ângela, Cardoso Ramos F. Chronic Diarrhoea as a Presentation of HIV Infection: A Case Report. Gaz Med [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 28 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];11(1):64-7. Available from: https://gazetamedica.pt/index.php/gazeta/article/view/603
Section
CLINICAL CASE

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