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As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.



Gazeta Médica adopts the ICMJE's definition of editorial freedom described by the World Association of Medical Editors, which states that the Editor-in-Chief assumes full authority over the journal's editorial content. The Academia CUF as the owner of Gazeta Médica does not interfere in the process of evaluation, selection, programming or editing of any manuscript, with the Editor-in-Chief having total editorial independence.
The journal is governed by the biomedical editing standards developed by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), available at http: //www.ICMJE. org and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The editorial policy of the Journal incorporates in the revision and publication process the Editorial Policy Statements issued by the Council of Science Editors, available at http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/i4a/pages /index.cfm?pageid=3331, which covers the responsibilities and rights of journal editors with scientific arbitration.
These standards are in accordance with Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations), available at: http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/.


Gazeta Médica does not consider material that has already been published (except abstracts presented at conferences) or is awaiting publication in other journals. The opinions expressed in the articles are the sole and exclusive responsibility of the authors. When submitting their work, authors should indicate what type of article they are presenting (Original, Review, Perspective, History of Medicine, Comments/Letters to the Editor, Medicine or Surgery Imaging and Clinical Cases). Gazeta Médica publishes 4 issues per year (quarterly). The journal reserves the right to use plagiarism detection software in any manuscript submitted.
Gazeta Médica does not charge any fees for processing or submitting articles.
With regard to the use by third parties, Gazeta Médica is governed by the terms of the Creative Commons Legal Code "Attribution - Non-Commercial – Non-Derivative Works (by-nc-nd)".
After publication in the Gazeta Médica, the authors are authorized to make their articles available in other repositories, provided they always mention where they were published.


The authors, when submitting an article for publication, transfer to Gazeta Médica the rights and copyrights of the article.


Gazeta Médica provides immediate open access to its content at http://www.gazetamedica.pt.


The articles can be submitted in Portuguese or English. Title, abstract and keywords must always be submitted in both languages.


Authorship Criteria and Authorship Form

As stated in the "ICMJE Requirements", authorship requires a substantial contribution to the manuscript, and it is necessary to specify in a cover letter the contribution of each author to the work. Declaration of individual contributions signed by each author (Authorial Responsibility Statement form). All those designated as authors must meet the four criteria for authorship, and all those who meet the four criteria must be identified as authors. The contributors who do not meet the four criteria for authorship but have contributed to the study or manuscript, should be acknowledged in the Acknowledgments section, specifying their contribution. Each manuscript must have a "Corresponding Author". However, all authors must have participated significantly in the work to take public responsibility for the content and credit of authorship.
The corresponding author must obtain written permission from all those mentioned in the acknowledgments section. Authors must provide an ORCID iD at the time of submission. 
Authors are those who:

  1. Have a substantial and direct intellectual contribution to the design and preparation of the article;
  2. Participate in the analysis and interpretation of data;
  3. Participate in the drafting of the manuscript, revision of versions and critical revision of the content; approval of the final version;
  4. Agree that they are responsible for the accuracy and integrity of the entire work.

In addition to being responsible for the parts of the work he has done, an author should be able to identify which of the co-authors were responsible for the other specific parts of the work.
Obtaining financial support, collecting data or general supervision of the working group alone does not justify authorship.
Any change in authorship after submission must be approved in writing by all authors. Changes to authorship or authors' order are not accepted after acceptance of the manuscript.
If a medical writer was involved in the creation of the manuscript, a statement must be signed by the corresponding author with an indication of the name and whether the person provided any financial support. This information should be added in the acknowledgments section.
A signed statement by the medical writer indicating that he gives permission to be named in the Acknowledgments section is required.

Role of the Corresponding Author

The corresponding author will act on behalf of all co-authors as the primary correspondent with the editorial team during the submission and review process. The corresponding author on behalf of all co-authors is responsible for communicating with the journal during submission, peer reviewing and publication process. He is also responsible for ensuring all of the journal's administrative requirements (providing authoring details, ethics committee approval, conflict of interest forms, informed consent).

Ethical Responsibilities
Protection of Human and Animal Subjects

The authors should ensure that the study they submit for publication is in accordance with ethical and legal principles, both in the course of the research and publication, in particular with the recommendations of the Helsinki Declaration revised in 2013 of the World Medical Association (http:// www.wma.net/en/20activities/10ethics/10helsinki), the ICMJE (www.icmje.org) and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (http://publicationethics.org/resources/guidelines). In appropriate cases, authors should demonstrate that the research was approved by the ethics committee of the institutions involved and that the recommendations were followed. This information should be included in the content of the article. Any suspected misconduct will be investigated and reported. Images, names and numbers of clinical processes that could enable the identification of the persons under study should not be presented. When describing experiments on animals it should be indicated if a guide of the national research council was followed, or if any law on the care and use of animals in laboratory was followed, and the approval number should be sent to the journal.

Informed Consent

The authors are responsible for obtaining informed consent for each individual present in photographs, videos, detailed descriptions or on radiographs or ultrasounds, even after attempting to conceal their identity. Names, initials or other forms of identification should be removed from photographs or other images. Personal data such as profession or residence, should be omitted except where they are epidemiologically relevant to the work. Authors should ensure that they do not provide data that allow unambiguous identification or, if this is not possible, should obtain the informed consent of the parties involved.

Redundant or Duplicate Publication

The journal does not accept previously published material. The manuscripts are accepted with the understanding that they have not been previously published in printed or electronic format and are not under evaluation in another journal or electronic medium.

Conflict of Interest and Financing Support

All sources of funding to the study described and its influence on the manuscript design or on the submission decision for publication should be stated. The accuracy and precision of the contents, as well as the opinions expressed, are the sole responsibility of the authors. Authors are required to disclose all financial and personal affiliations that may bias the work. To prevent ambiguity, authors must explicitly mention whether or not there are conflicts of interest.

Awards and Previous Presentations

Prizes and presentations of the study should be mentioned prior to the submission of the manuscript. All authors must complete and submit the Declaration of Conflicts of Interest (ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest), available at: www.gazetamedica.pt. This information will be kept confidential during the review of the manuscript by the reviewers and will not influence the editorial decision but will be published if the article is accepted.

Submission of Papers

Electronic submission substantially reduces editorial processing and review times, and also reduces total publication times. Authors are invited to submit manuscripts online for publication at www.gazetamedica.pt. All contacts between the authors and the journal will be made online through e-mail: gazetamedica@cuf.pt. Before submitting the manuscript, authors must ensure all necessary authorizations for the publication of the submitted material.


Before submitting an article, the authors should prepare a Submission Letter (Presentation Letter), written and signed by the corresponding author, where they must explain why the manuscript is of interest to that journal and must be published, where it must be stated that the article is original, was only submitted to that journal, it was not previously published and that complies with the instructions to the authors; that the work is in accordance with ethical and legal principles (complied with the recommendations of the Helsinki Declaration of the World Medical Association/was evaluated and approved by the ethics committee, if an original study); and what sources of financial support were acquired. It is also required a statement of responsibility (Author's Responsibility Declaration Form) written and signed individually by each of the authors of the work, where each one must declare that it meets the criteria of authorship and specify their contribution to the work as well as the Declaration of Conflict of Interest (ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest). These forms can be downloaded at www.gazetamedica.pt.


The script should be prepared according to the standards of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations), revised in January 2015 (http://www.icmje.org).
Gazeta Médica recommends guidelines for the publication of EQUATOR network (http: //www.equator-network.org), namely the CONSORT statements and their extensions (randomized studies, http://www.consort-statement.org), STROBE (observational studies such as cohort studies, case-control, cross-sectional, http://www.strobe-statement.org/), STARD (diagnostic accuracy studies, http://www.stard-statement.org/), PRISMA (systematic reviews and meta-analyses, http://www.prisma-statement.org/) and SQUIRE (quality improvement studies, http://www.squire-statement.org/), CARE (clinical cases, http://www.care-statement.org/), and the reporting of statistical aspects of the studies should be in line with the Statistical Analyses and Methods in the Published Literature (SAMPL Guidelines) http://www.equator-network.org/2013/02/11/sampl-guidelines-for-statistical-reporting/.


Gazeta Médica encourages the following types of submissions:


The editorials are the responsibility of the publishing group or requested by invitation by the Editor-in-Chief and will consist of comments on current topics or articles published in the journal. They should not exceed 1200 words, a maximum of 15 bibliographical references and may contain a table/figure. The editorial does not have an abstract.

Original Articles

They carry out research work, case studies or, in the case of clinical cases have research on causes, mechanisms, diagnosis, evolution, prognosis, treatment or prevention of diseases. The text, which should not exceed 3000 words, should be presented in the following structure: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion, Acknowledgments (if applicable), References, Tables and Figures. They should have a maximum of six tables/figures and 40 bibliographical references. The number of authors should not exceed eight. The abstract of these articles should not exceed 250 words and should be structured in the same way as the main text.

Review Articles

Monographs on theoretical topics, systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The text can’t exceed 5000 words. They should have a maximum of six tables/figures and 120 bibliographical references. They shall include an unstructured abstract not exceeding 150 words and including the objective, main points and conclusions.

Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses

Systematic reviews may or may not use statistical methods (meta-analyses) to analyze and summarize the results of the included studies. The PRISMA regulations must be followed. The text should not exceed 4000 words, excluding a structured abstract (maximum of 250 words). It can’t include more than 80 references, and it can have up to five tables/figures. The maximum number of authors may not exceed six.

Recent Developments

Review articles addressing current innovative topics, fast-growing concepts, within restricted areas. The text can’t exceed 1500 words, will not limit the number of authors, 45 references. Can include up to two tables/figures.

Perspective and History of Medicine

Articles of an essay type, not exclusively on clinical topics, expressing opinions, presenting controversial hypotheses or solutions; future perspectives are included in this chapter. The text should not exceed 3000 words and 30 references. You can’t include more than two tables/figures.

Clinical Cases

These are small research papers, casuistic or clinical cases in which we want to highlight some specific elements, such as clinical combinations, preliminary results pointing out important trends, reports of adverse effects or other relevant combinations. The text may not exceed 1500 words, and may not exceed six tables/figures and 15 bibliographical references. The number of authors should not exceed six. They should include a structured abstract, not to exceed 150 words. CARE regulations must be followed.

Case Studies

Articles containing the description of case series, reflection on a particular experience of diagnosis, treatment or prognosis. The text should be structured in: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. The articles should not exceed 3000 words, six tables/figures and 30 references. The abstract of case series should not exceed 250 words and should be structured in the same way as the main text.

Medicine or Imaging Surgery

Images (maximum two) shall be used with identifiers of any kind, eg endoscopic, radiological, surgical, microbiological, anatomopathological, that are demonstrative and have visual information that is useful to practitioners. They will be accompanied by a text of up to 300 words (including the clinical case presentation, diagnosis, evolution and a brief discussion of the observed findings) and a maximum of six bibliographical references. The number of authors should not exceed four. They do not need an abstract.

Letters to the Editor

Comments on articles published in the journal or other topics of current interest. In the first case they must be received up to one month after the date of publication of the article in question. The text can’t exceed 600 words, four authors and five references. They may include a table/figure. They do not need an abstract. They should follow the following general structure: identify the article (becomes reference 1); justify its wording; provide evidence (from the literature or from personal experience); provide a summary; list references. The authors' responses should respect the same characteristics. The timeliness of the Letters to the Editor is related to the probability of their acceptance (submission up to four weeks after publication of the article to which they refer).


Gazeta Médica has a section "Student" in which it publishes scientific works of the typology indicated above and of the highest quality, prepared mainly by medical students in order to actively contribute to the increase of scientific knowledge.


The authors must strictly follow the following structure and style norms. Their disrespect is sufficient reason for the immediate rejection of the manuscript. Manuscripts must be saved in Word (.doc or .docx). Please do not submit the text in pdf format. Manuscripts should be as concise as possible. The repetition of information or data in different sections of the manuscript should be carefully avoided.

Manuscript Organization

All manuscripts must be organized as follows:

First page:
  1. Title in Portuguese and English, concise and objective, preferably with less than 10 words.
  2. The identification of the author(s) must be made by the clinical name or the initial(s) of the first name(s) followed by the surname, and should also include the designation of the facility where the work was performed; the academic degree or position of the author(s); the organization(s), hospital department(s) or services in which the author(s) carries out his/her activity.
  3. All conflicts of interest of each of the authors must be specified.
  4. Financial support that contributed to the accomplishment of the work.
  5. Address and e-mail of the corresponding author of the manuscript.
  6. Short title for header (no more than 40 characters).
  7. Typology of the article.
Second page:
  1. Abstract in Portuguese (maximum of words according to the typology of the article). In the abstract, references should not be used and abbreviations should be limited to those that are essential.
  2. Three to seven keywords. Keywords should be easily searchable on index bases, using the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) and the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH). It is recommended to search the list of words used in the following search engines: to Portuguese in http://decs.bvs.br/ and in English at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/. In manuscripts that do not include abstracts, the keywords should be presented at the end.
Third page:

It should contain the content of the second page in English.

Following pages:

The following pages should include the text of the article according to the specific sections of each type of article. The text can be presented in Portuguese or English. The acknowledgments and financial support, any prizes or previous presentations should be mentioned after the text and before the bibliographic references. The references should appear at the end of the manuscript.


Avoid using abbreviations or acronyms in the title and in the abstract, limiting its use to the text. Non-widely accepted abbreviations should be well-defined on the first use, in full, followed by its abbreviation in parentheses, unless the abbreviation is a standard measuring unit, which is expressed in International System of Units. Excessive and unnecessary use of acronyms and abbreviations should be avoided.

Medication Names

The use of commercial names of drugs (trademark) is not recommended, but where the use is mandatory, the name of the product should follow the generic name, in parentheses, in lower case, followed by the trademark symbol in superscript (®).

Measuring Units

The units of the International System of Units must be used. Length measures, height, weight and volume shall be expressed in units of the metric system (meter, kilogram or liter) or their decimal multiples. Temperatures should be given in degrees Celsius (°C) and blood pressure in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or hemoglobin in g/dL. All hematological or biochemical measurements will be reported in the metric system according to the International System of Units (SI).

Tables, Figures, Photographs

The insertion of figures and/or tables already published implies the authorization of the copyright holder (author or publisher). Its submission must be separately from the text as per the platform instructions. The picture files should be provided in high resolution, 800dpi minimum for charts and 300dpi minimum for photographs. The publication of color illustrations is free.
Graphic material must be delivered in one of the following formats:

  • JPEG (. Jpg)
  • Portable Document Format (. Pdf)
  • PowerPoint (.ppt)
  • TIFF (. Tif)
  • Excel

Tables/Figures should be numbered in the order they are mentioned in the text and marked in Arabic numbering and identified as Figure/Table. Each Figure and Table included in the study must be pointed out in the text: An abnormal immune response may be at the origin of the disease symptoms (Fig. 2). This is associated with two other lesions (Table 1).
Figure: When mentioned in the text is abbreviated to Fig., While Table is not abbreviated. In the captions both words are written in full.
Each Table and Figure must have the respective caption, succinct and clear, which should be self-explanatory (no need to use the text).
Regarding the charts, it should be explicit if the information includes individual values, average or mean, if there is a representation of the standard deviation and confidence intervals and the sample size (n).
Photographs must include identifiers (arrows and asterisks). Color photographs may be published, as long as they are considered essential.
Each table should be used to show results, presenting lists of individual data or summarizing them, but should not duplicate the results described in the text. They must be accompanied by a short but clear and explanatory title. The units of measure used should be indicated (in parentheses below the name that heads each category of values) and the expressed numbers should be reduced to the decimal places with clinical significance.
For the explanatory notes in the Tables the following symbols and sequence must be used: *, †, ‡, §, ||, ¶, **, ††, ‡‡.
If patient photographs are used, they should not be identifiable or the photographs must be accompanied by written permission to use them.
Permission to publish. In case of publication of tables from books or journals, the authors have the responsibility to obtain permission for such publication, and will have to present it at the time of submission.

Acknowledgments (optional)

They should come after the text and before the references, aiming to thank all those who contributed to the study but do not have status of authorship. In this section you can thank all sources of support, whether financial, technological or consulting, as well as individual contributions.


The authors are responsible for the accuracy and precision of their references and for their correct citations in the text. Whenever possible, the original sources should be mentioned.
Only published documents should be quoted. References to unpublished works, conference summaries, presentations or personal observations should be inserted in the text itself (in parentheses) and not as standard references. Accepted papers for publication may be cited by designating the authors, title, and journal followed by the designation "In press". The Vancouver style should be used, as indicated in the ICMJE Recommendations. The abbreviations used in the journal designation should be those used by the NLM Catalog: Journals referenced in the NCBI Databases, available at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nlmcatalog/journals. Bibliographical references should be numbered according to the order they were mentioned in the text, where they must be identified with Arabic numbers in exponent, sequentially. DOI should be indicated whenever available.
Example: "Although there is controversy over whether homecare or a similar institution means a higher mortality risk in the current literature and guidelines,6-9 this is considered to be a worse prognostic factor, and pneumonia in such patients should be treated as nosocomial pneumonia.10"
Notes: Do not indicate month of publication.
In references with six or less authors, all must be named. In references with seven or more authors, the first six should be named followed by "et al". Here are some examples of how the various types of references should appear.


The references of journals (a), chapters of books edited by other authors (b), books written and edited by the same authors (c), electronic references (d) or (e) Thesis/ Academic Dissertation, should include:

  1. Articles: List of all authors, (except for a number greater than six, and then the first six should be named, followed by et al). Title of the article. Name of the magazine abbreviated. Year; Volume: first-last pages. Schuhmann M, Bostanci K, Bugalho A, Warth A, Schnabel PA, Herth FJ, et al. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided cryobiopsies in peripheral pulmonary lesions: a feasibility study. Eur Respir J. 2014;43:233-9. DOI 10.1183/09031936.00011313.

  2. Chapters in books: Name(s) and initials of the author(s) of the cited chapter or contribution. Title and chapter number or contribution. Name and initials of the medical editors. Book's title. City: Name of publisher; Year of publication. First and last pages of the chapter. Pagel JF, Pegram GV. The role of the primary care physician in sleep medicine. In: Pagel JF, Pandi-Perumal SR, editors. Primary care sleep medicine. 2nd ed. New York: Springer; 2014.

  3. Books: Name(s) and initials of the author(s). Book's title. Edition. City: Name of publisher; Year of publication. Panjabi MM, White AA. Biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system. New York: Churchill Livingstone; 2001.

  4. Electronic References
    Internet Monograph
    Van Belle G, Fisher LD, Heagerty PJ, Lumley TS. Biostatistics: a methodology for the health sciences [e-book]. 2nd ed. Somerset: Wiley InterScience; 2003 [accessed 2005 Jun 30]. Available: http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/product.
    AMA: helping doctors help patients [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: American Medical Association; 2007 [accessed Feb 2015]. Available from: http://www.ama-assn.org.
  5. Thesis/Academic Dissertation Baldwin KB. An exploratory method of data retrieval from the electronic medical record for the evaluation of quality in healthcare [dissertation]. Chicago: University of Illinois at Chicago, Health Sciences Center; 2004. Edition: For more detail on the edition consult the AMA Manual Style http://www.amamanualofstyle.com/.

Peer Review Process

Gazeta Médica follows a strict single-blind peer review process. All manuscripts are initially evaluated by the Editor-in-Chief with the support of the Editorial Board of the Journal and may be refused at this stage without being sent to reviewers. For the manuscripts that are not rejected at this initial stage, the opinion of reviewers (single-blinded peer review) is requested, evaluating the scientific accuracy, innovation and importance of the manuscripts. Periodically the names of the people who collaborate actively with Gazeta as reviewers will be published. The final acceptance is the responsibility of the Editor-in-Chief.
In the evaluation, the articles could be:

  1. Accepted without modifications

  2. Accepted after modifications proposed by reviewers

  3. Refused

Only manuscripts containing original material, that are not yet published in whole or in part and that are not submitted for publication elsewhere will be accepted.
After submitting the article on the website platform of the Gazeta Médica, the status of the article becomes "Submitted by the author". This information can be viewed in the list of articles under review. After validation of the Cover Letter, of the Author's Declaration of Responsibility signed by the authors and of the Declaration of Conflict of Interest, all articles will be analyzed by the Editorial Board and sent to two reviewers if they comply with the instructions to the authors and editorial policy.
The reviewers must keep confidentiality and will evaluate the content of the article and the importance of its publication. Within a maximum period of four weeks, the reviewer shall respond to the Editor-in-Chief indicating his/her comments regarding the manuscript under review, and his/her suggestion as to acceptance, revision or rejection of the work. Within 10 days the Editorial Board will make a decision that may be: accept the article without modifications; send the reviewers' comments for the authors to proceed as indicated; rejection.
When changes are proposed, the authors have 15 days (can be extended at the request of the authors) to submit the new revised version of the manuscript, including the comments of the reviewers and the Editorial Board. Changes made should be highlighted with a different color, answering all the questions. A revised version of the article, with the changes inserted highlighted with a different color must be resubmitted within that period of time.
The Editor-in-Chief has 10 days to decide on the new version: reject or accept the new version, or submit it to one or more reviewers.
In case of acceptance, in any of the previous phases, it will be communicated to the corresponding author.
In the review phase of typographical proofs, substantive changes to the articles will not be accepted, and may imply their subsequent rejection by decision of the Editor-in-Chief.
In all cases the reviewers' opinions will be fully communicated to the authors within six to eight weeks from the date of receipt of the manuscript.
In the first issue of each year the names of Reviewers who collaborated with Gazeta Médica during the year prior will be published.
Although the editors and reviewers make efforts to ensure the technical and scientific quality of the manuscripts, the final responsibility for the content (including the accuracy and precision of the findings, as well as the opinions expressed) is solely of the authors.


The typographical proofs will be sent to the authors, indicating the dealine of revision according to the publication needs of Gazeta Médica. The review must be approved by the corresponding author. The authors have five days to review the text and report any typos. At this stage, the authors can’t make any substantive modification to the article besides corrections of typographical errors and/or minor spelling errors.
Failure to comply with the proposed deadline relieves the Gazeta Médica of accepting the review by the authors, and the review may be carried out exclusively by the Gazeta Médica department.

Erratas and retractions

Gazeta Médica publishes changes, amendments or retractions to a previously published article, if after publication errors or omissions that influence the interpretation of data or information are identified. Amendments subsequent to publication shall be in the form of errata.
December 16, 2015


If you have any concerns please contact gazetamedica@jmellosaude.pt


  1. Cover Letter, completed and signed by the corresponding author, who must justify why the work is suitable for publication in the Gazeta Médica; that all authors fulfilled the authorship criteria; that it is original, that was only submitted for publication in Gazeta Médica and that was not previously published; indicate that the manuscript complies with the structure and style norms adopted by the journal; indicate that the work is in accordance with the legal and ethical principles (complies with the recommendations of the Helsinki Declaration of the World Medical Association/has been evaluated and approved by ethics committee, if original study); and indicate the sources of financial support.
  2. Include the declaration of copyright and potential conflicts of interest of all authors. Forms of Authorized Declaration of Responsibility and Conflict of Interests filled out.
  3. Include all financial support, along with detailed information about the role of each sponsor or financial entity in each of the following: "designing and conducting of the study; collection, management, analysis and interpretation of data; and preparation, revision or approval of the manuscript.
  4. On the title page, designate a corresponding author and provide his contacts: full address, phone and fax and e-mail address.
  5. For clinical trials, add the record. Include the CONSORT checklist and flow chart for randomized trials.
  6. For systematic reviews, include the PRISMA flow chart and checklist.
  7. Provide a summary according to the requested format (see specific types of articles).
  8. Make double-space manuscript (text and references).
  9. In the Acknowledgments section of the manuscript, include names, affiliations, and specific contributions from all the people who contributed to the manuscript but who did not meet the authorship criteria. Written permission must be obtained for all persons named in the Acknowledgments section and the corresponding author must confirm that such written permission has been obtained.
  10. Include informed consent forms for photographs, identifiable patient descriptions.
  11. Include information on ethics committee approval.
  12. The reproduction of material (including tables and figures) previously published is discouraged. The material must be provided, except under extraordinary circumstances.
  13. Include written permission of the publishers (or other copyrights) to reproduce or adapt previously published content (for example, tables, figures, substantial parts of the text).
  14. Figures/Tables sent in separate file.
  15. Check all references for accuracy and completeness. Put the references in appropriate format, in numerical order, making sure each is quoted in sequence in the text. It is advisable to use reference management software.
  16. Include for each Table and Figure a short title (a brief phrase, preferably not more than 10-15 words) and an explanatory caption as required.

Type of Article


Structure font size




Original Investigation

Structured in the same way as the text
250 words

Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion, [Acknowledgments] and Bibliographic References




Clinical Case

Structured in the same way as the text
150 words

Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Case Description, Comments, [Acknowledgments] and Bibliographic References CARE




Case Review

Not structured
250 words

Title, Abstract, Keywords, [font size or IMRaD], [Acknowledgments] and Bibliographic References




Systematic Review
or Meta-Analysis

Structured in the same way as the text
250 words





Recent Developments

There is no mandatory structure
250 words

Title, Abstract, Keywords, [font size], [Acknowledgments] and Bibliographic References




Case Studies

Structured in the same way as the text
250 words

Title, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion, [Acknowledgments] and Bibliographic References




Viewpoints/History of Medicine

There is no mandatory structure

Title, Abstract, Keywords, [font size], [Acknowledgments] and Bibliographic References




Medicine or Surgery Imaging

No abstract

Title, Keywords, [font size], [Acknowledgments] and Bibliographic References




Letters to the Editor

No abstract

Title, Keywords, [font size]





No abstract

Title, Keywords, [font size]





Publishing Ethics

The publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an essential building block in the development of a coherent and respected network of knowledge. It is a direct reflection of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. It is therefore important to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publishing: the author, the journal editor, the peer reviewer, the publisher and the society of society-owned or sponsored journals.

Duties of Editor

– Publication decision
– Publication decision
– Fair play
– Confidentiality
– Disclosure and Conflicts of interest
– Involvement and cooperation in investigations

Duties of Reviewers

– Contribution to Editorial Decision
– Promptness
– Confidentiality
– Standards of Objectivity
– Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Duties of Authors

- Reporting standards
– Data Access and Retention
– Originality and without plagiarism
– Avoid: Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
– Acknowledgement of Sources
– Authorship of the Paper
– Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects
– Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Duties of the Publisher

We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. We are working to set standards for best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions.

Plagiarism Detection

The peer review process is at the heart of the success of scientific publishing. As part of our commitment to the protection and enhancement of the peer review process, we have an obligation to assist the scientific community in all aspects of publishing ethics, especially in cases of (suspected) duplicate submission or plagiarism.