Facial Trauma in Sports: Review and Return-to-Play

Main Article Content

Teresa Gomes Silva - Corresponding Author

Teresa Gomes Silva [tjgomes@live.com]
Avenida Almirante Gago Coutinho, nº35, R/C esquerdo, 1000-015 Lisboa, Portuga

Manuel Neiva Sousa
Maria Oliveira Santos
Cátia Mateus
Pedro Gomes de Oliveira


Maxillofacial trauma can occur with high frequency while playing sports. Skeletal and soft tissue lesions can occur, with different degrees of severity and impact for the athlete.
Sports-related facial fractures most frequently affect the nose, zygoma and mandible, regardless of the country and sport. During initial evaluation it is important to distinguish between stable injuries that can be treated on the sidelines or after the match and emergencies requiring prompt hospital transfer.
Athletes could benefit from a more personalized approach to treatment, aimed at optimizing the timeframe for return to play. There is a lack of evidence-based studies on return to play after facial trauma, and currently no specific guidelines exist. Return to sport depends on a variety of factors, such as type of fracture, the risk of impact within the sport, the player’s motivation for an early return and the surgeon’s knowledge and experience.

Keywords: Athletic Injuries; Facial Injuries; Return to Sport; Sports

Article Details

Gomes Silva T, Neiva Sousa M, Oliveira Santos M, Mateus C, Gomes de Oliveira P. Facial Trauma in Sports: Review and Return-to-Play. Gaz Med [Internet]. 2023 Jun. 30 [cited 2024 Jul. 22];10(2):115-2. Available from: https://gazetamedica.pt/index.php/gazeta/article/view/643