Technologies and Play: A Childhood in Change?

Main Article Content

Sofia Rocha Teixeira - Corresponding Author

Sofia Rocha Teixeira [arsteixeira@arsnorte.min-saude.pt]
Rua da Carreira n.º 430, 3º andar, 2ª habitação, 4435-145 Rio Tinto, Portugal

Sandrine Dias
Ana Rita Sousa
Joana Gomes Amorim

Abstract

Playing is the most natural and spontaneous way for children to express themselves. That plays an important role in child development. The technological and digital boom that has been taking hold in recent years is changing the way children play, replacing time outdoors with hours in front of screens – television, tablets, smartphones, computers.
Potential risks of excessive use of technologies include not only physical inactivity, overweight and obesity, but also impairment of cognitive and intellectual development, language and even social interactions and relationships. On the other hand, peer-play promotes active learning, based on the acquisition of social and emotional interaction skills.
Information for caregivers of our children is essential and the latest guidelines advise to limit the daily screen time, not recommending its use to children under 24 months.
Although opinions are not entirely consensual on the positive or negative impact on children’s development, technologies are naturally present in their lives and in their play. Thus, the ideal will be a balance between the use of electronic devices and traditional games. Such results can only be achieved with the close collaboration of the family doctor, not only with the families and guardians, teachers and educators, but also with the child himself. The time with the doctor is an opportunity to clarify risks and promote healthy habits, for a full development and a happy childhood.

Keywords: Child; Child Development; Learning; Multimedia; Play and Playthings; Screen Time

Article Details

1.
Rocha Teixeira S, Dias S, Sousa AR, Gomes Amorim J. Technologies and Play: A Childhood in Change?. Gaz Med [Internet]. 2022 Sep. 14 [cited 2022 Nov. 30];9(3):244-7. Available from: https://gazetamedica.pt/index.php/gazeta/article/view/663
Section
PERSPECTIVE