Probiotics in the Prevention of Acute Otitis Media in Pediatrics: An Evidence-Based Review

Main Article Content

Ana Borges dos Santos Marques - Corresponding Author

Ana Borges dos Santos Marques [ana.ibsmarques@gmail.com]
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8871-4435

Cecília Fernandes Vieira

Abstract

Acute otitis media (AOM) is a common disease in children and a leading cause of antibiotic prescription, representing a significant socioeconomic burden. Probiotics have revealed beneficial results in other infections with a good safety profile. This review aimed to assess the effects of probiotics in preventing the occurrence of AOM at pediatric age and reducing its impact. For this purpose, a literature search was conducted in evidence-based medicine databases. One meta-analysis and two clinical trials were included in this review. Evidence suggests that the administration of probiotics is effective in preventing AOM, with a good safety profile. However, the studies were heterogeneous and showed inconsistent results. Therefore, the strength of recommendation was classified as B using the SORT scale. Studies with larger sample sizes, longer durations, and better quality are needed to determine the optimal strain, duration, frequency, and timing of probiotic administration.

Keywords: Child; Otitis Media; Probiotics

Article Details

1.
Marques A, Vieira C. Probiotics in the Prevention of Acute Otitis Media in Pediatrics: An Evidence-Based Review. Gaz Med [Internet]. 2024 Mar. 28 [cited 2024 Jul. 22];11(1):21-7. Available from: https://gazetamedica.pt/index.php/gazeta/article/view/729
Section
REVIEW ARTICLES

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